Iyini icwecwe lethusi eligoqiwe (RA) futhi lenziwa kanjani?

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Igingqiwe ucwecwe lwethusi, ucwecwe lwensimbi oluyindilinga oluyindilinga, lukhiqizwa futhi lukhiqizwe ngendlela yokugingqa ngokomzimba, inqubo yalo yokukhiqiza kanje:

Ingoting: Impahla eluhlaza ilayishwa esithandweni esincibilikayo ukuze siphonswe engosini emise okwekholomu eyisikwele. Le nqubo inquma impahla yomkhiqizo wokugcina. Endabeni yemikhiqizo ye-alloy yethusi, ezinye izinsimbi ngaphandle kwethusi zizohlanganiswa kule nqubo.

Kunzima(Kushisayo) I-Rolling: Ingot iyashisisa futhi igoqelwe ibe umkhiqizo ophakathi ogoqiwe.

Ukunqunywa kwe-Acid: Umkhiqizo ophakathi nendawo ngemva kokugoqa okunzima uhlanzwa ngesisombululo se-asidi esibuthakathaka ukuze kukhishwe ungqimba lwe-oxide nokungcola ebusweni bento.

Ukunemba(Kubanda) I-Rolling: Umkhiqizo ophakathi nendawo ohlanziwe uyagoqwa kuze kube yilapho usugoqwa ugqinsi oludingekayo. Njengoba impahla yethusi enqubweni yokugingqika, ubulukhuni bayo bezinto ezibonakalayo buyoba lukhuni, impahla enzima kakhulu inzima kakhulu ukugoqa, ngakho-ke lapho impahla ifinyelela ubulukhuni obuthile, kuyoba ukudonsa okuphakathi ukuze kuncishiswe ubulukhuni bezinto ezibonakalayo, ukuze kube lula ukugoqa. . Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ukuze ugweme ama-rolls enqubweni yokugoqa ebusweni bezinto ezibangelwa ukugcizelela okujulile, izigayo eziphezulu zizofakwa phakathi kwezinto kanye nama-rolls efilimu kawoyela, inhloso ukwenza. indawo yokugcina yomkhiqizo iphezulu.

Ukwehlisa amafutha: Lesi sinyathelo sitholakala kuphela emikhiqizweni ephezulu, inhloso ukuhlanza amafutha omshini alethwe ezintweni ngesikhathi sokugoqa. Enqubweni yokuhlanza, ukwelashwa kokumelana ne-oxidation ekamelweni lokushisa (okubizwa nangokuthi ukwelashwa kwe-passivation) kuvame ukwenziwa, okungukuthi i-passivation agent ifakwa esixazululweni sokuhlanza ukunciphisa i-oxidation kanye nokuguquka kombala kwe-foil yethusi ekamelweni lokushisa.

I-Annealing: I-crystallization yangaphakathi yezinto zethusi ngokufudumeza ekushiseni okuphezulu, ngaleyo ndlela kunciphisa ubulukhuni bayo.

I-roughening(Ongakukhetha): Ingaphezulu le-foil yethusi liyaqina (imvamisa impushana yethusi noma impushana ye-cobalt-nickel ifuthwa ebusweni be-foil yethusi bese yelapheka) ukuze kwandiswe ukukhahlamezeka kwe-foil yethusi (ukuqinisa amandla ayo amakhasi). Kule nqubo, indawo ecwebezelayo iphinde iphathwe nge-high-temperature oxidation treatment (efakwe nge-electroplated ngongqimba lwensimbi) ukuze kwandiswe ikhono lezinto zokusebenza emazingeni okushisa aphezulu ngaphandle kwe-oxidation nokushintsha umbala.

(Qaphela: Le nqubo ngokuvamile yenziwa kuphela uma kunesidingo salokhu kwaziswa)

Ukusika: impahla ye-foil yethusi egoqiwe ihlukaniswe ububanzi obudingekayo ngokuya ngezidingo zekhasimende.

Ukuhlola: Sika amasampula ambalwa kumqulu oqediwe ukuze kuhlolwe ukwakheka, amandla aqinile, ukunwebeka, ukubekezelela, amandla acwecwayo, amahholo, isiphetho kanye nezimfuneko zekhasimende ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi umkhiqizo ufanelekile.

Ukupakisha: Pakisha imikhiqizo eqediwe ehlangabezana nemithetho ngamaqoqo emabhokisini.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-08-2021